“…the moderns want a more lasting victory of the argument at the expense of reality.”

Plato, in his famous fight against the ancient Sophists, discovered that their “universal art of enchanting the mind by arguments” (Phaedrus 261) had nothing to do with truth but aimed at opinions which by their very nature are changing, and which are valid only “at the time of the agreement and as long as the agreement lasts” (Theaetetus 172). He also discovered the very insecure position of truth in the world, for from “opinions come persuasion and not from truth” (Phaedrus 260). The most striking difference between ancient and modern sophists is that the ancients were satisfied with a passing victory of the argument at the expense of the truth, whereas the moderns want a more lasting victory at the expense of the reality. In other words, one destroyed the dignity of human thought whereas the other destroyed the dignity of human action. The old manipulators of logic were the concern of the philosopher, whereas the modern manipulators of facts stand in the way of historian. For history itself is destroyed, and it’s comprehensiblity–based upon the fact that it is enacted by men and therefore can be understood by men–is in danger, whenever facts are no longer held to be part and parcel of the past and present world, and are misused to prove this or that opinion.

Hannah Arendt
The Origins of Totalitarianism, p. 9


Today I had to get eight stitches to my face. I can’t analyze the day, but I can narrate it.

Woke up at 12:15 and eventually made my way to shower and wash hair at 13:00. The steam and heat got me dizzy as it sometimes happens, but this time it felt pretty severe and it’s not my usual home environ